The Universal Tank: British Armour in the Second World War - David Fletcher - Google книги
The author uses original source material - reports, minutes and correspondence - to tell the story, including the extracts from the diary of Michael Dewar, who headed the British Tank Mission to Washington, but met with opposition from London when he attempted to get American tanks for the British Army. We follow the general rules and policies of AbeBooks. If there should be an error with your delivery, please contact us so we can help you and come to an agreement how to resolve any problems. Please note our favourable shipping terms.
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Over 2 kilos is sent as Parcel. During the inter-war years, the French Army adopted three light tanks in the infantry tank role. All three had two—man crews and were similar to the Matilda I in terms of size, weight and armour. However, they were better armed, having 37mm guns as well as co-axial machine guns. In practice, although able to resist hits from other tanks and anti-tank guns, and designed for good, albeit slow, cross-country performance, the separation of tank functions into specialised areas such as infantry and cruiser types was not effective.
Invariably the cruisers ended up meeting enemy tanks in combat, while the infantry tanks were the only ones present when a breakthrough was accomplished. The infantry tank idea faded as tank design progressed during the war. It was eventually replaced outright with the general acceptance of the 'universal tank' idea. The concept was also employed by the other big tank-producing nation of the s: the Soviet Union , as exemplified by the T The T was a light tank assigned to infantry units and thus fulfilled the infantry tank role.
Their BT tanks were the fast cruiser types. This is often seen as reflecting some explicit doctrine; in reality it was simply caused by a lack of funds, tank production not having any priority. The U. Few funds were available for tank development and only around two experimental tanks were produced a year. In the early s, the promotion of mechanisation of the cavalry began. For political expediency and to avoid conflicting with the law, the tanks developed for the cavalry based on the infantry's light tanks were called " Combat Cars ".
Medium tank designs produced were focused on infantry support. These small light tanks were also referred to as armoured cars though they usually only held a crew of two and appeared like miniature tanks and included the Type 92, Type 94, and Type 97 "TK" vehicles. Japanese troops would ride on the fast-moving tankettes, use them as tractors to pull equipment, or otherwise use them in support roles. Only later versions of the tankettes came equipped with anything other than machine guns. These vehicles were successful supporting infantry in campaigns against China in the s but were not designed to engage other tanks with armour that was meant to repel only small arms fire.
The Fiat was the first tank to be produced in series in Italy.
It was to be the standard tank of the emerging Italian armored units after World War I. The was based on the French Renault FT.
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The design was accepted with deliveries to begin in May , but the end of the war caused the original order to be cancelled and only were delivered. The first Fiat s entered service in and were officially designated as the carro d'assalto Fiat , Mod. The Model 30, in addition to its improved armament, also differed from the Model 21 in that it had a more powerful engine, improved suspension, different engine compartment silhouette, and the external stores were stowed differently.
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Some Model 30s were also produced with two 6. A limited number of Model 21 vehicles were exported to Albania , Latvia and Abyssinia Ethiopia prior to Some self-propelled guns were used for close support purposes. During the first few years of the war, the Panzer III and Panzer IV functioned in the same way as a cruiser tank and infantry tank respectively, with the Panzer III's 37mm and 50mm cannons used to attack enemy tanks, and the Panzer IV's short 75mm cannon used to support infantry attacks.
These roles began to break down during Operation Barbarossa when German forces met the Russian T and KV-1 tanks and struggled to penetrate their armor, forcing design and production changes. This led to the up-arming of the Panzer IV to a long barreled 75mm cannon , which could fire both armor piercing rounds and high explosive rounds, giving the tank a dual role. The Panzer III was progressively removed from frontline armor units and relegated to a support role, with production ending in Despite the concept of splitting tanks into infantry and cruiser roles being an instance of the general economic principle of division of labour in mechanisation , during World War II, its application in mechanised warfare proved to be hugely inefficient in terms of technical development, production, maintenance, logistics and — worst of all — tactical flexibility.
Therefore it was not surprising that during the war, it was progressively abandoned by all the major belligerent countries. Tanks portal. Infantry tank Churchill tanks during the 2nd Battle of El Alamein. History of the tank.
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Light tank Medium tank Heavy tank Super-heavy tank Cruiser tank Infantry tank Main battle tank Tank destroyer Tankette Assault gun Self-propelled gun Self-propelled anti-aircraft weapon Self-propelled artillery Self-propelled mortar Multiple rocket launcher. See also: Experimental Mechanized Force. See also: British interwar tanks. The turret and bearing diameter controls the bearing capacity, thus the limit of armament capacity.
Harris , p. French , p.
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Harris , pp. French , pp. Plant , p. Postan , p. Fletcher Fletcher a , p. This article includes a list of references , but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. December Chamberlain, Peter; Ellis, Chris New York, NY: Arco. Fletcher, D.
London: HMSO. Matilda Infantry Tank — New Vanguard. Oxford: Osprey.