Create Alert. Share This Paper. Citations Publications citing this paper. An exploratory model of MPR offence progression : the role of self-regulation and male peer support in duo rape offences Mackenzie Lambine. Jordan Draper. Images of gender arrangements of three American social organizations: a content analysis of top ranked Google images of individuals preforming organizational roles Scott E. An examination of racist and sexist microaggressions on college campuses Charisse C.
References Publications referenced by this paper. College women's experiences of sexual coercion: a review of cultural, perpetrator, victim, and situational variables. Leah E. Adams-Curtis , Gordon B.
93¢ of every $1 goes to helping survivors and preventing sexual violence.
Correlates of Rape. New York Routledge. Mohler-Kuo , Meichun , George W. Dowdall , Mary P. Koss , Henry Weschler.
Sexual assault , a type of sexual violence , is a term that applies to a broad range of forced and unwanted sexual activity. It includes attempted rape — unwanted fondling or sexual touching — and rape, generally defined as penetration of a victim's body against their will. Sexual assault can involve forcing someone into non-consensual sexual acts by way of manipulation, physical or emotional coercion, or psychological force, including threats or other means of intimidation.
Whatever form sexual assault takes, it's important for victims to realize that it's not their fault.
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But sexual assault shouldn't be regarded as ordinary or inevitable — by understanding and addressing the problem, we can do something about it. That's encouraging, but our society still has a lot of work to do before we can list "sexual autonomy" among our national virtues. The vast majority of sexual assaults go unreported and unpunished. According to the National Institute of Justice, factors that commonly prevent women from reporting attacks include distrust of authorities and fear of blame.
About one in six men suffered sexual abuse in childhood, according to statistics provided by 1in6 , an organization dedicated to providing resources and support services for victims. Male Survivor , another organization that provides support for sexual assault survivors, explores how male victims face different types of stigma stemming from stereotypes about machismo, sexual desire, and what it means to "be a man.
Most victims of sexual assault know their assailant on some level. As reported by RAINN , approximately seven out of ten sexual assaults are committed by someone the victim knows.
This could be another factor contributing to underreporting; a victim who, out of fear they'll be ostracized or won't be believed, refuses to tell anyone they were assaulted by a stranger is even less likely to report abuse from a significant other, a family member, a teacher, or a classmate.
In light of the fact that most victims know their attacker, it makes sense that most incidents of sexual assault occur in victims' homes. According to RAINN, at the time of the incident, victims are most often "sleeping or performing another activity at home. Colleges and universities around the country are taking steps to prevent incidents of sexual violence on campus. By increasing the presence of security officers , initiating bystander intervention programs , and educating students on the meaning of "consent," schools are working to ensure the safety of their students, faculty, and staff on campus.
Although responsibility for an attack lies solely with the perpetrator, there are ways you can reduce your risk of becoming a victim.
Sexual assault on college campuses | payrelattairhen.tk
Check out our list of basic safety guidelines below for things you can do to help protect yourself from sexual assault. Know your limits : Alcohol intoxication can make you significantly more vulnerable to assault by impairing your judgment or inhibiting your ability to physically fight off an attacker. Binge drinkers are at a particularly high risk of suffering from incapacitation, a blackout, or unconsciousness.
Watch your drinks : Take your drink to the restroom with you, or pour it out before you step outside. Never drink a beverage that has been given to you by someone else or taken from a communal alcohol source like a punch bowl. Drugs used to incapacitate sexual assault victims can be odorless, colorless, and tasteless, so you can't rely on your senses to tell you that someone slipped something into your drink.
Various products are now available to help you discover if your drink has been tampered with, like color-changing nail polish and drink coasters.
Trust your gut : If you get a bad feeling about a location or a person, leave immediately. We often subconsciously process body language and other danger indicators without realizing it. If something feels very wrong or you feel unsafe, start walking in the direction of the nearest crowd, well-lit area, or building.
Start talking loudly on your phone. Many attackers are unwilling to pursue victims who are aggressive or loud because it draws attention to the crime. Stick with your friends : Attend social gatherings with a group of friends whom you know and trust. Look out for each other and make sure everyone gets home safely. If you do go out alone, always tell someone where you are going and avoid walking in unlit or unfrequented areas. If you've identified that your partner exhibits controlling or aggressive behaviors and you're afraid to address these issues within your relationship, it's time to get help.
Victims often don't realize the dangers of their situation until it's too late — the dynamic between the abuser and abused is strategically designed to discourage the victims from acknowledging or addressing the problem. Intimate partner abuse and violence are never okay. They're more common than you might think, and it's wholly within your power and your rights to get out safely.
- Statistics on Campus Sexual Assault and Alcohol.
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Contact a support line : If you're unsure how to get away from an abusive partner, contact a support hotline for assistance. Don't blame yourself : Self-blame is extremely common in abusive relationships.
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It can be easy to feel trapped in your situation. However, your partner's abusive actions are absolutely not your fault or a result of weakness on your part. Keep this in mind when you seek help. List safe places : Know where you can go in case you need to get away from an abusive partner. This might include a campus counseling center, a trusted friend's dorm room, a survivors' shelter, or a residence hall staff office. Document hostile communications : It can be emotionally painful to save threatening messages that your partner sends.
However, voice messages, emails, IMs, and other hostile communications can be immensely useful in demonstrating a history of abuse when you speak with counselors or authorities. Get counseling : Virtually all college campuses have on-site counselors who are trained to help with domestic violence and other forms of sexual assault. If you can't find a way to contact a campus counselor directly, ask a residence advisor, professor, or academic advisor to help you explore these resources.
Call the police : If you are being threatened with assault, find a safe place and call the police immediately. Sexual assault can take an immeasurable toll on the victim's physical and mental health.
The emotional and physical scars of an assault can deeply impact a student's ability to cope with academic, social, professional, and personal responsibilities. While the idea of asking for help may feel scary, overwhelming, or even impossible, it's an important first step on the road to recovery. On its website, RAINN suggests a variety of methods for survivors to cope with their trauma and its aftereffects, including professional therapy, strategies for exposure to media representations of sexual assault, and even advice for dealing with airport security screenings.
Get to a safe place: The most important thing is your safety. Get away from your assailant and get to a location where you can call for help.
Sexual Assaults on College Campuses Involving Alcohol
Ideally, find a secure place where you aren't alone. This can include a campus health center, or the home of a nearby friend or family member. Contact the authorities: Call to report the incident right away. Provide the dispatcher with the time and place of the incident, and a description of your assailant.
Wait for the police to arrive so that they can collect your statement.